WebMD archives content after 2 years to ensure our readers can easily find the most timely content. To find the most current information, please enter your topic of interest into our search box. People of color will account for african american skin care half of the U. This group, which includes blacks, Asians, Latinos, and other ethnicities, are more prone to certain skin conditions because of their genetic make-up and in some cases cultural practices.
Alexis, MD, MPH, assistant clinical professor of dermatology at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City, discussed the leading medical and cosmetic dermatologic concerns in darker-skinned populations and how to treat those conditions, african american skin care.
Although people of color have more natural protection from ultraviolet UV radiation because of the increased amount of melanin the pigment that gives skin its colorthe cells that make melanin pigment tend to be more reactive to inflammation and injury. So pigmentation problems are more common in skin of color. In a recent study, acne was the most common skin condition in blacks, followed by pigmentation problems, or dyschromias.
The most common dyschromia in people of color is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation PIH. This refers to increased pigmentation or dark spots at the sites of inflammation. Acne is one trigger for PIH, and the resulting dark spots are often of greater concerns than the original pimples. In terms of strategies, we can block the production of melanin by using hydroquinone and other bleaching creams ; we can block the transfer pigment to african american skin care upper layers of the skin by using retinoid creamswhich are vitamin A derivatives; we can remove excess pigment in the skin using chemical peels ; and we employ sun protection to prevent increased pigment production and UV exposure.
It presents as dark patches on the cheek, forehead, upper lips, and, african american skin care, rarely, off the face. More women than men are affected, but the condition can occur independent of pregnancy and is commonly seen in people in their 40s, 50s, and 60s, african american skin care. Contributing factors are african american skin care predisposition and hormone and UV exposure.
However, you have to be really careful with chemical peels as you can run the risk of pigmentary problems, and if very deep peels, even scarring.
Hair wise, the most striking difference between fair-skinned and dark-skinned people is that the hair shaft is curved in people of African descent. After shaving, especially close shaving, the sharp tip of shaved hair grows back into the skin, causing inflammation and bumps. Though not mentioned as much, women are affected too, often on african american skin care chin, below the chin, and back area. A safety razor can help, as can shaving only in the direction of hair growth after applying shaving cream.
Laser treatment can help. But because they target melanin, lasers carry a higher risk of discoloration, blistering, burning, and other side effects in darker-skinned people. A recent study showed that the long-pulsed Nd: YAG laser is associated with the least complications in people of color.
Creams and gels, including topical retinoids, topical antibioticstopical steroids, and the topical prescription medication eflornithinemay also help. One particularly disfiguring form of hair loss that I see almost every day used to be called hot comb alopecia hair lossand is now called central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia CCCA. It begins on the crown and leads to a big balding spot on the top of the head. The cause is not really known, but one study suggests that hair practices that put tension on the hair, specifically sewn-in hair weaves and cornrow or braided hair with artificial extensions is associated with this type of hair loss.
But if caught early, hair loss can be treated with a variety of anti-inflammatory therapies, african american skin care, including injections of steroids into the affected areas of the scalp, topical steroids, and oral antibiotics. Minoxidil can help to stimulate hair growth in healthy hair follicles. There have been no clinical trials on this disorder, african american skin care, but I am involved in the first in which we will compare four anti-inflammatory medications for CCCA.
Healthy Beauty Feature Stories. Why are people of color more prone to certain skin conditions, and what are the most common conditions? Continued What are razor bumps? What about advanced allergy treatment centers and locations loss?
African american skin care of course, patients must style their hair differently.